Scenic Views of Gandou
Haiti’s Geography

Location: Western 1/3 of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean Sea

Area: 27,750 sq km (slightly smaller than Maryland)

Climate: tropical

Terrain: mostly rough and mountainous

Elevation:0-2680 km

Natural hazards: lies
​in middle of hurricane belt, occasional flooding and earthquakes, periodic droughts

Environment issues: extensive deforestation, soil erosion, inadequate supplies of drinkable water

Haiti’s Economy

Overview: Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, with 80% of the population living under the poverty line and 54% in abject poverty. Two-thirds of all Haitians depend on the agriculture sector, mainly small-scale subsistence farming, and remain vulnerable to damage from frequent natural disasters, exacerbated by the country’s widespread deforestation. Haiti suffers from higher inflation than similar low-income countries, a lack of investment, and a severe trade deficit.

Unemployment rate: more than two-thirds of the labor force does not have formal jobs
Agriculture: coffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice, corn, sorghum
Exchange rates: 40 gourdes per US dollar Source: CIA World Factbook, 2007

a rural territory
in the mountains of south-central Haiti