Views of Gandou
Haiti’s Geography

Location: Western 1/3 of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean Sea

Area: 27,750 sq km (slightly smaller than Maryland)

Climate: tropical

Terrain: mostly rough and mountainous

Elevation:0-2680 km

Natural hazards: lies
​in middle of hurricane belt, occasional flooding and earthquakes, periodic droughts

Environment issues: extensive deforestation, soil erosion, inadequate supplies of drinkable water

Haiti’s Economy

The economy likely contracted for the third year in a row in FY 2021 — which ended in September — amid natural disasters and political upheaval: Following President Moïse’s assassination in July, the country was ravaged by an earthquake and then by a tropical storm in August. Heading into FY 2022, prospects have gone from bad to worse: Gangs have gained control of large swathes of the country, with their blockades of ports and roads causing severe fuel and water shortages through October and early November. Rising inflation is likely adding further pressure. That said, the temporary easing of gang blockades in mid-November will be offering some respite in the short term. In politics, a new cabinet was formed recently. However, in order for the economy to stabilize, greater external support and a new political settlement with involvement from civil society will likely be necessary.         
A rural territory in the mountains
​of south-central Haiti